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Route - Wolfram Route

The history of the twentieth century is deeply marked by the arms race and the two World Wars that ravaged the European continent. During this period, the race for wolfram assumes high importance and remains large-scale until the late 1950s. Portugal emerges as the largest European producer of this mineral, benefiting from the richness of its geological resources, multiplying a little throughout the country the mining explorations that profoundly mark the evolution of the local landscape and economy. With the reduction in demand for this mineral from the middle of the century and the emergence of new producing markets, interest in wolfram in Portugal has declined, leading to the abandonment of explorations. The structures of this golden period of mining in Portugal remain in the landscape, still marking the regions that surround them.
As part of the Guide of the Portuguese Geological and Mines Sites, the Wolfram Route integrates the different spaces linked to this mineral. Follow this route is to know the landmarks of this period that are preserved in the landscape, the history and science associated with them, but also the memories and images that remain within their communities.
Emanuel Guimarães
Ecomuseu de Ribeira de Pena - Câmara Municipal de Ribeira de Pena

Points of Interest to visit at this Location

Complexo mineiro da Poça da Cadela, Regoufe (Geosite)

Since the beginning of the 20th century the "Mine Manifests" have declared numerous areas of metalliferrous interest in the parish of Regoufe. On January 9, 1915 the permit was issued for the exploitation of the "Regoufe Mine," or Poça da C ...

Minas de estanho e volfrâmio de Rio de Frades (Geossítio)

Currently abandoned, the Rio de Frades Tin and Tungsten Mines were exploited by the Companhia Mineira do Norte de Portugal (Northern Portugal Mining Company), of German ownership, which was at its height during the Second World War. Accordi ...

Pena Amarela Mine (Geosite)

The wolframium deposits integrate with a set of subvolcanic deposits of tungsten and tin which are distributed from Galiza to Castela (Spain) crossing the northern and central regions of Portugal and defining the so called "Tin-Wolframium I ...

Reception | Grupo D

Central point of the entire mining village, recently museum. Its buildings have had several uses over the years, especially the bakery and cinema. In this area, a vertical (double) winch was built in 1941 to extract crude ore, with two mine ...


Longitudinal building with four large compressors. Built in the decade of 1930, musealized in 2015. It's a case to say that contains real iron monsters.  

Segura Mines

Since the middle of the 19th century, and for approximately 100 years, the varied mineral resources of the Segura region were exploited in a more or less systematic manner. A mining complex was built in Segura, one of the most relevant in a ...

Panasqueira Mines Crystal Shop

Shop which offers exclusive selection of minerals and products from the Panasqueira Mines.

Ponte do Mineiro

The miner''s bridge it’s located over the "Sabor" river, served as a passageway for the miners who needed to cross the river to work in the mines of "Ribeira" in "Coelhoso". It’s a Cable Suspension Bridge,   has about 35 meters and is suppo ...

Centro Interpretativo das Minas de Argozelo

The "Centro Interpretativo das Minas de Argozelo" is located in "Cortinha do Calvário" in Argozelo. It was inaugurated on the 22nd of March 2015. The building has an exhibition room and an auditorium. In the exhibition room we can see an ex ...

Entrada da Mina

The first access to get in to the mine was made by this door. It is located inside the village of Argozelo, next to the national highway "N218". It is visible and available upon request and accompaniment.

Parque mineiro

Located in the old mining area of Argozelo, here are exposed the equipment and machinery used in the during of mining activity.

The pedestrian route "Rota dos Mineiros de Argozelo"

The pedestrian route "Rota dos Mineiros de Argozelo" begins at the "Centro  Interpretativo das Minas de Argozelo" passing through the "Parque das Minas", "Ponte do Mineiro" and "Entrada das Minas", the route have also a variant to the "Sant ...

UTAD Geology Museum

Long-term exhibition of minerals, rocks, and fossils from Portugal and other countries, organised in an educational format, and incorporated as part of the Geology Museum.

Wolfram Museum of Cerva

Over the centuries, mining has been an important activity within the territory that composes the actual municipality of Ribeira de Pena. Several tin mines reveal the extraction of this metal since the Antiquity. But it is the extraction of ...

Geosite Murços Mines

The mining complex of Murçós consists of several open-air exploration fronts, galleries, some of them submerged and by supporting buildings such as the mining plant and offices. The mining activity was associated with the exploitation of tu ...